When working with a cloth to join parts, stitches can be made manually. The seams, by means of which the details of the modules are swept away or connected more reliably, are called simple, unlike the seams intended for decorating products, finishing. Although, admittedly, this division is rather conditional. With the help of finishing seams, stalks, leaves, etc. are embroidered, with which the fabric flowers on the product look like a complete picture.
Needle stitch forward, or sweeping
In the direction from right to left, the needle is introduced and removed from the fabric – all the time forward, until the last stitch. This is the easiest seam. It is laid to sweep up the details of the product, with its help they make an assembly on the fabric, they are used to stroke the outline of the pattern. In the latter case, the stitches and the spaces between them should be very even. Stitches can be the same length at intervals, or they can be pink. To obtain a decorative seam, the thread, laid in the “needle forward” method, can be twisted with a contrasting thread.
Seam “over the edge”
This is also a simple seam connecting the edges of the details of the future product. The cut pieces of fabric are folded together and gently, evenly lay stitches, grabbing the thread edges. The more often the stitches are laid, the stronger the seam is.
Seam “needle back”
This seam simulates the machine stitch and fastens the details of the product quite reliably. The first stitch is made on the front side – from right to left. Then the needle is brought out in front of it to the front side at a distance equal to the length of the stitch, and instilled into the end point of the first stitch. The needle is again withdrawn to the left of the second stitch, and so on.
This kind of seam “needle back.” Only in this case, the needle drawn to the front side is not inserted into the end point of the first stitch, but slightly ahead of it. With the help of the needle stitch, it is customary to sweep the sliding fabrics – it is better to ‘hold than the’ needle forward ‘stitch. After re-threading the main thread with a thread of a different color, as in the case of a needle-and-forward seam, a decorative line is obtained.
With it, seamlessly sew parts – attach the edging panels, hem, oblique inlay, appliqué. To sew, the needle is inserted from right to left, grabbing one or two threads of the upper fabric from the bottom, then the thread is pulled, making a small stitch along the lower fabric, and the needle is pulled out. The thread must be well tightened.
The seam is performed from left to right – each stitch is made by stepping back half a stitch. The first stitch is performed on the front side of the fabric. Then the needle is taken out from the wrong side in the middle of this stitch – from under it. After that, the needle is inserted into the fabric to the point located to the right of the first needle insertion point at a distance equal to the size of the first stitch, and the needle is pulled out in the middle of the previous stitch. Stitches must be the same and always go one after the other on one side only – on the right or on the left.
Seam “goat” or “velvet”
The seam goes from left to right. The stitches are done from the top, the bottom as a result
interlocking oblique stitches. The seam is used as a decorative or for hemming of the hem in products.
This seam is performed from top to bottom and from left to right. The needle with thread is brought to the front. The thread is placed in a loop and the needle is inserted from the front side exactly in the place where the needle was removed on the front side. Then the needle tip on the seamy side is drawn down to the stitch length and then brought to the front side — in the middle of the resulting loop, etc.
Seam with interceptions attached
With this seam, finishing material is attached to the fabric: cords, tapes, braid, etc. Stitches can be rare and thick, vertical and oblique, made with a cross, legs, knots.