Working in the technique of origami, you have to solve a problem of increased complexity in order to create a harmonious piece: first, you need to pick up two pieces of fabric for a module, which is then destined to become a beautiful flower; secondly, the fabric for the module should be combined with the color of the base. Help in the selection of companion fabrics used in a single product, can be familiarity with the basics of color science.
The variety of colors into which a sunbeam can decay can be shown by means of a conditional image – a color wheel.
Primary colors are red, blue and yellow. From their mixing all the others are formed. Intermediate colors. For example, the combination of red and yellow gives orange, yellow and blue — green, blue and red — purple and contrasting colors located on the color wheel opposite each other. The most harmonious combinations create contrasting colors. Otherwise, these colors are called optional.
The colors located in the neighborhood on the color wheel, if they inject some common main color: red, green, blue, yellow, etc., are called related. A product having similar colors and halftones produces a calm, peaceful impression.
In addition, the colors are divided into cold and warm. On the color wheel, the colors going from red to green through yellow are warm. Colors from red to green through blue are cold. Usually the product is performed in one tone – warm or cold, but from contrasting fabrics the color will produce very elegant pieces. The colors of cold tones can be used to decorate more than the colors of warm tones, since the latter are more noticeable, brighter.
So far it was about chromatic colors. But there are colors and achromatic – white, black and all shades of gray. In combination with chromatic colors, achromatic is most often used to separate, enhance, or soften active colors. For example, a black background adds brightness to the colors. Black lines make the product massive. The white color is very lively, it draws attention to itself, and the neighborhood of gray can give additional colors to other colors.